Background and purpose: To compare the linear-quadratic (LQ) and the LQ-L formalism (linear cell survival curve beyond a threshold dose dT) for modeling local tumor control probability (TCP) in stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Materials and methods: This study is based on 395 patients from 13 German and Austrian centers treated with SBRT for stage I NSCLC. The median number of SBRT fractions was 3 (range 1-8) and median single fraction dose was 12.5 Gy (2.9-33 Gy); dose was prescribed to the median 65% PTV encompassing isodose (60-100%). Assuming an α/β-value of 10 Gy, we modeled TCP as a sigmoid-shaped function of the biologically effective dose (BED). Models were compared using maximum likelihood ratio tests as well as Bayes factors (BFs).
Results: There was strong evidence for a dose-response relationship in the total patient cohort (BFs>20), which was lacking in single-fraction SBRT (BFs<3). Using the PTV encompassing dose or maximum (isocentric) dose, our data indicated a LQ-L transition dose (dT) at 11 Gy (68% CI 8-14 Gy) or 22 Gy (14-42 Gy), respectively. However, the fit of the LQ-L models was not significantly better than a fit without the dT parameter (p=0.07, BF=2.1 and p=0.86, BF=0.8, respectively). Generally, isocentric doses resulted in much better dose-response relationships than PTV encompassing doses (BFs>20).
Conclusion: Our data suggest accurate modeling of local tumor control in fractionated SBRT for stage I NSCLC with the traditional LQ formalism.
Keywords: Biologically effective dose; Dose–response modeling; Linear-quadratic formalism; Non-small cell lung cancer; Stereotactic body radiotherapy.
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