Purpose: To evaluate a new method of intraoperative refractive biometry (IRB) for intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation in eyes undergoing cataract surgery after prior myopic LASIK or photorefractive keratectomy.
Design: Retrospective consecutive cases series.
Participants: We included 215 patients undergoing cataract surgery with a history of myopic LASIK or photorefractive keratectomy.
Methods: Patients underwent IRB for IOL power estimation. The Optiwave Refractive Analysis (ORA) System wavefront aberrometer was used to obtain aphakic refractive measurements intraoperatively and then calculate the IOL power with a modified vergence formula obtained before refractive surgery. Comparative effectiveness analysis was done for IRB predictive accuracy of IOL power determination against 3 conventional clinical practice methods: surgeon best preoperative choice (determined by the surgeon using all available clinical data), the Haigis L, and the Shammas IOL formulas.
Main outcome measures: Median absolute error of prediction and percentage of eyes within ±0.50 diopters (D) and ±1.00 D of refractive prediction error.
Results: In 246 eyes (215 first eyes and 31 second eyes) IRB using ORA achieved the greatest predictive accuracy (P < 0.0001), with a median absolute error of 0.35 D and mean absolute error of 0.42 D. Sixty-seven percent of eyes were within ±0.5 D and 94% were within ±1.0 D of the IRB's predicted outcome. This was significantly more accurate than the other preoperative methods: Median absolute error was 0.6, 0.53, and 0.51 D for surgeon best choice, Haigis L method, and Shammas method, respectively.
Conclusions: The IOL power estimation in challenging eyes with prior LASIK/photorefractive keratectomy was most accurately predicted by IRB/ORA.
Copyright © 2014 American Academy of Ophthalmology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.