Getting a head start: high-fidelity, simulation-based operating room team training of interprofessional students

J Am Coll Surg. 2014 Jan;218(1):140-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2013.09.006. Epub 2013 Oct 31.


Background: Effective teamwork in the operating room (OR) is often undermined by the "silo mentality" of the differing professions. Such thinking is formed early in one's professional experience and is fostered by undergraduate medical and nursing curricula lacking interprofessional education. We investigated the immediate impact of conducting interprofessional student OR team training using high-fidelity simulation (HFS) on students' team-related attitudes and behaviors.

Study design: Ten HFS OR interprofessional student team training sessions were conducted involving 2 standardized HFS scenarios, each of which was followed by a structured debriefing that targeted team-based competencies. Pre- and post-session mean scores were calculated and analyzed for 15 Likert-type items measuring self-efficacy in teamwork competencies using the t-test. Additionally, mean scores of observer ratings of team performance after each scenario and participant ratings after the second scenario for an 11-item Likert-type teamwork scale were calculated and analyzed using one-way ANOVA and t-test.

Results: Eighteen nursing students, 20 nurse anesthetist students, and 28 medical students participated in the training. Statistically significant gains from mean pre- to post-training scores occurred on 11 of the 15 self-efficacy items. Statistically significant gains in mean observer performance scores were present on all 3 subscales of the teamwork scale from the first scenario to the second. A statistically significant difference was found in comparisons of mean observer scores with mean participant scores for the team-based behaviors subscale.

Conclusions: High-fidelity simulation OR interprofessional student team training improves students' team-based attitudes and behaviors. Students tend to overestimate their team-based behaviors.

Keywords: ACR; HFS; HPS; IPE; IPS; OR; ORTAS; Operating Room Teamwork Assessment Scales; SBT; TBB; VOR; adaptive communication and response; high-fidelity simulation; human patient simulator; interprofessional education; interprofessional students; operating room; simulation-based training; team-based behavior; virtual operating room.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Attitude of Health Personnel*
  • Clinical Competence
  • Computer Simulation
  • Education, Medical, Undergraduate / methods*
  • Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate / methods*
  • Education, Nursing, Graduate / methods*
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interprofessional Relations*
  • Male
  • Manikins
  • New Orleans
  • Nurse Anesthetists / education
  • Patient Care Team*
  • Self Efficacy
  • Surgical Procedures, Operative / education*