The International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD) convenes a Position Development Conference (PDC) every 2-3 yr to make recommendations for guidelines and standards in the field of musculoskeletal measurement and assessment. The recommendations pertain to clinically relevant issues regarding the acquisition, quality control, interpretation, and reporting of various aspects of musculoskeletal health metrics. Topics for consideration are developed by the ISCD Board of Directors and the Scientific Advisory Committee. For the 2013 PDC, body composition analysis was a central topic area for the first time and considered timely because of the scientific advances in measurement of fat and lean body mass by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Indications for DXA and vertebral fracture assessment and use of reference data to calculate bone mineral density T-scores were also updated. Task Forces for each of these areas were assigned questions of relevance to a clinical audience and asked to conduct comprehensive literature reviews. Reports with proposed Position Statements were then presented to an international panel of experts. The Expert Panel included representatives of the International Osteoporosis Foundation, the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, the National Osteoporosis Foundation, Osteoporosis Canada, and the North American Menopause Society. The PDC was held in Tampa, FL, contemporaneously with the Annual Meeting of the ISCD, March 21 through March 23, 2013. This report describes the methodology of the 2013 ISCD PDC and summarizes the results of the 2013 ISCD PDC for vertebral fracture assessment/DXA and National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES) Reference Database Task Forces. A separate article in this issue will summarize the results of the Body Composition Analysis Task Forces.
Keywords: Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; Official Positions; guidelines; standards; vertebral fracture.
Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Inc.