Background: The most common CF-causing mutations interfere with CFTR trafficking from the endoplasmic reticulum (CFTR-F508del) or prematurely terminate transcription (CFTR-null). We suspected that genotype-specific patterns of CFTR expression would have differential effects on smooth muscle cell calcium signaling and hence vascular tone. We hypothesized that compared to wild-type or CFTR-null aorta, aorta from CFTR-F508del (dF) piglets will have reduced endoplasmic reticulum calcium mobilization and decreased vasoconstriction.
Methods: Aortic reactivity was assessed by myography, and ratiometric calcium imaging was performed in isolated vascular smooth muscle cells.
Results: Aorta from dF piglets had reduced myogenic tone (P<0.001) and decreased constriction to KCl (P<0.05). Combined inhibition of ryanodine and IP3 receptors decreased wild-type and CFTR-null responses to levels seen in dF aorta. Compared to wild-type cells, dF-expressing smooth muscle cells had reduced calcium transients, while CFTR-null cells had decreased baseline intracellular calcium concentrations.
Conclusions: Expression of CFTR-F508del interferes with smooth muscle cell calcium handling and decreases aortic responsiveness.
Keywords: Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator; Endoplasmic reticulum; Inositol triphosphate receptor; Vascular smooth muscle cell.
© 2013. Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of European Cystic Fibrosis Society. All rights reserved.