The relationship between glutathione S-transferase T1 (GSTT1) gene polymorphism and the risk of lung cancer from the published reports are still conflicting. This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between GSTT1 polymorphism and the risk of lung cancer. A comprehensive research was conducted through the databases, and 55 studies were recruited into this meta-analysis for the association of null genotype of GSTT1 with lung cancer susceptibility, consisting of 15,140 patients with lung cancer and 16,662 controls. There was a significant association between GSTT1 null genotype and lung cancer risk in the overall populations (OR = 1.138, 95% CI = 1.032-1.255, P heterogeneity = 0.000, P = 0.009). Furthermore, GSTT1 null genotype was associated with the lung cancer risk in Asians (OR = 1.469, 95% CI = 1.228-1.757, P heterogeneity = 0.000, P = 0.000). However, GSTT1 null genotype was not associated with the risk of lung cancer in Caucasians and Africans. In conclusion, GSTT1 null genotype is associated with the lung cancer in overall populations and in Asians.