Seed biology and in vitro seed germination of Cypripedium

Crit Rev Biotechnol. 2014 Dec;34(4):358-71. doi: 10.3109/07388551.2013.841117. Epub 2013 Nov 6.


Cypripedium orchids have high horticultural value. The populations of most species are very geographically restricted and they are becoming increasingly rare due to the destruction of native habitats and illegal collection. Reduction of the commercial value through large-scale propagation in vitro is a preferable option to reduce pressure from illegal collection. Cypripedium species are commercially propagated via seed germination in vitro. This review focuses on in vitro seed germination and provides an in-depth analysis of the seed biology of this genus.

Keywords: Acclimatization; Cypripedium; research advances; seed biology; seed germination.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Agriculture
  • Culture Techniques
  • Germination*
  • Orchidaceae*
  • Seeds*