Cilostazol stroke prevention study: A placebo-controlled double-blind trial for secondary prevention of cerebral infarction

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2000 Jul-Aug;9(4):147-57. doi: 10.1053/jscd.2000.7216.


Cilostazol, an antiplatelet drug that increases the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (AMP) levels in platelets via inhibition of cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase, has been used in chronic arterial occlusive disease. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of cilostazol on the recurrence of cerebral infarction using a multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial method. Patients who suffered from cerebral infarction at 1 to 6 months before the trial were enrolled between April 1992 and March 1996. Oral administration of cilostazol (100 mg twice daily) or placebo was randomly assigned to the patients and continued until February 1997. The primary endpoint was the recurrence of cerebral infarction. In total, 1,095 patients were enrolled. An analysis based on 1,052 eligible patients (526 given cilostazol and 526 given placebo) showed that the cilostazol treatment achieved a significant relative-risk reduction (41.7%; confidence interval [CI], 9.2% to 62.5%) in the recurrence of cerebral infarction as compared with the placebo treatment (P=.0150). Intention-to-treat analysis of 1,067 patients also showed a significant relative-risk reduction (42.3%; CI, 10.3% to 62.9%, P=.0127). No clinically significant adverse drug reactions of cilostazol were encountered. Long-term administration of cilostazol was effective and safe in the secondary prevention of cerebral infarction.