Background: Large bowel polyps with malignant characteristics or those that are too large to remove colonoscopically may require bowel resection.
Method: We performed a retrospective review of 126 Veterans Health Administration patients who underwent elective resections for colonoscopically unresectable colorectal polyps over a 10-year period. We evaluated the association of patient characteristics and operative management on the composite outcome of 30-day postoperative morbidity and mortality.
Results: 98% of patients were males. Mean age was 65.1 years. Most patients had comorbidities, including cardiac or vascular disease (47.4%), diabetes mellitus (54%), and tobacco (41%) or alcohol (32.5%) use. The majority (85.7%) of patients were considered to be in American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status classifications III and IV. 92% of resections were completed via laparotomy. Thirty-day postoperative morbidity and mortality occurred among 40 (31.7%) patients. Fifty-six patients (44.4%) had operative specimens with malignant features. The only comorbidity statistically associated with 30-day morbidity and mortality was body mass index >30.
Conclusion: Approximately one third of patients had significant postoperative morbidity or mortality. Clinical pathways chosen to treat colonoscopically unresectable polyps should be tailored to patients' conditions and the characteristics of their colorectal lesions.
2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.