Variability of recombination frequencies in the Iowa Stiff Stalk Synthetic (Zea mays L.)

Theor Appl Genet. 1993 Aug;86(7):859-66. doi: 10.1007/BF00212613.


Variability in recombination frequency has been reported in several plant populations. The objectives of the present research were to establish the range in variability in recombination among genotypes in the important corn population Iowa Stiff Stalk Synthetic and to identify individual genotypes which produced increased or decreased recombination frequencies. Approximately 150 individual S0 plants were testcrossed to measure male recombination frequency on three chromosomes: 4, sul-c2; 5, a2-btl-pr1; and 9, sh1-bz1-wx1. Although the variance component for individuals accounted for only 20-33% of the total variation, highly significant variability among individuals was present at all chromosome regions. Thus the environmental effects did not prevent measurement of differences between S0 individuals. At each chromosome region, individual genotypes with recombination frequencies at least two standard deviations above or below the population mean were isolated. Reports in the literature suggest that the variability reported here for the BSSS population should be representative of that present in other corn breeding populations. Recombination frequencies were positively correlated between adjacent regions of chromosome 9 and also between adjacent regions of chromosome 5. Recombination frequencies were positively correlated between both regions on chromosome 5 with the su1-c2 region of chromosome 4. Negative correlations were observed between chromosome 9 recombination and recombination in each region of chromosomes 4 and 5. Thus rankings of S0 individual recombination frequencies were not consistent for all three chromosomes.