Anatomic variants mimicking pathology on echocardiography: differential diagnosis

J Cardiovasc Ultrasound. 2013 Sep;21(3):103-12. doi: 10.4250/jcu.2013.21.3.103. Epub 2013 Sep 30.


Differentiation of normal from abnormal findings is critical in echocardiography. Anatomic variants occurring in normal cardiac developments often simulate pathologic entities. This review focuses on the differential diagnosis of normal anatomic structures from pathologic ones in echocardiography.

Keywords: Anatomic variation; Echocardiography.

Publication types

  • Review