Complementary and alternative medicine use in patients with mental disorders in Turkey

Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2013 Nov;19(4):221-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2013.06.005. Epub 2013 Jul 24.


Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use and the associated socio-demographic factors among patients with mental disorders in the Turkish community.

Methods: One thousand and twenty-seven patients with a diagnosis of mental disorders who were attending psychiatric outpatient clinics in five Turkish cities were interviewed. A survey questionnaire, which included questions on socio-demographic characteristics and CAM use, was administered face-to-face by psychiatrists.

Results: 22.2% of patients with mental disorders were using some form of CAM in the Turkish community. CAM and medication concurrent users had a higher level of education and income compared to CAM users only or medicine users only (p < 0.001). The most common type of CAM used was herbal therapy (n = 146, 64%).

Conclusion: Use of CAM by patients with mental disorders should be investigated and taken into account by psychiatrists.

Keywords: Alternative medicine; Complementary medicine; Mental health; Socio-demographic variables.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Complementary Therapies / statistics & numerical data*
  • Educational Status
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / drug therapy
  • Mental Disorders / therapy*
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care*
  • Phytotherapy / statistics & numerical data
  • Turkey
  • Young Adult