Preparation of nuclear spin singlet states using spin-lock induced crossing

Phys Rev Lett. 2013 Oct 25;111(17):173002. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.173002. Epub 2013 Oct 22.


We introduce a broadly applicable technique to create nuclear spin singlet states in organic molecules and other many-atom systems. We employ a novel pulse sequence to produce a spin-lock induced crossing (SLIC) of the spin singlet and triplet energy levels, which enables triplet-singlet polarization transfer and singlet-state preparation. We demonstrate the utility of the SLIC method by producing a long-lived nuclear spin singlet state on two strongly coupled proton pairs in the tripeptide molecule phenylalanine-glycine-glycine dissolved in D(2)O and by using SLIC to measure the J couplings, chemical shift differences, and singlet lifetimes of the proton pairs. We show that SLIC is more efficient at creating nearly equivalent nuclear spin singlet states than previous pulse sequence techniques, especially when triplet-singlet polarization transfer occurs on the same time scale as spin-lattice relaxation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Computer Simulation
  • Models, Chemical
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular / methods*
  • Oligopeptides / chemistry*


  • Oligopeptides
  • phenylalanyl-glycyl-glycine