Novel compound heterozygous mutations in the MYO15A gene in autosomal recessive hearing loss identified by whole-exome sequencing

J Transl Med. 2013 Nov 9:11:284. doi: 10.1186/1479-5876-11-284.


Background: Inherited genetic defects play an important role in congenital hearing loss, contributing to about 60% of deafness occurring in infants. Hereditary nonsyndromic hearing loss is highly heterogeneous, and most patients with a presumed genetic etiology lack a specific molecular diagnosis.

Methods: By whole exome sequencing, we identified responsible gene of family 4794 with autosomal recessively nonsyndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL). We also used DNA from 56 Chinese familial patients with ARNSHL (autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss) and 108 ethnicity-matched negative samples to perform extended variants analysis.

Results: We identified MYO15A c.IVS25+3G>A and c.8375 T>C (p.V2792A) as the disease-causing mutations. Both mutations co-segregated with hearing loss in family 4794, but were absent in the 56 index patients and 108 ethnicity-matched controls.

Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that the hearing loss of family 4794 was caused by novel compound heterozygous mutations in MYO15A.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • China
  • DNA / genetics
  • Exome*
  • Female
  • Genes, Recessive*
  • Hearing Loss / genetics*
  • Hearing Loss / physiopathology
  • Hearing Tests
  • Heterozygote*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation*
  • Myosins / chemistry
  • Myosins / genetics*
  • Pedigree
  • Sequence Analysis*
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid


  • MYO15A protein, human
  • DNA
  • Myosins