Background: Autosomal recessive Long QT syndrome is characterized by prolonged QTc along with congenital bilateral deafness depends on mutations in K(+) channel genes. A family of a Long QT syndrome proband from India has been identified with novel indel variations.
Methods: The molecular study of the proband revealed 4 novel indel variations in KCNQ1. In-silico analysis revealed the intronic variations has led to a change in the secondary structure of mRNA and splice site variations. The exonic variations leads to frameshift mutations. DNA analysis of the available family members revealed a carrier status.
Results and conclusion: It is thus predicted that the variations may lead to a change in the position of the splicing enhancer/inhibitor in KCNQ1 leading to the formation of a truncated S2-S3 fragment of KCNQ1 transmembrane protein in cardiac cells as well as epithelial cells of inner ear leading to deafness and aberrant repolarization causing prolonged QTc.
Keywords: 3D KCNQ1 structure; Family study; JLN syndrome; Long QT syndrome; Novel mutations.
Copyright © 2013 Cardiological Society of India. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.