This article is a primer on the pathophysiology and clinical evaluation of peripheral neuropathy for the radiologist. Magnetic resonance neurography has utility in the diagnosis of many focal peripheral nerve lesions. When combined with history, examination, electrophysiology, and laboratory data, future advancements in high-field magnetic resonance neurography may play an increasingly important role in the evaluation of patients with peripheral neuropathy.
Keywords: Electromyography; Entrapment neuropathy; Hereditary neuropathy; Nerve conduction study; Neuroimaging; Peripheral neuropathy.
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