Obstetric (nonfetal) complications

Radiol Clin North Am. 2013 Nov;51(6):983-1004. doi: 10.1016/j.rcl.2013.07.012.

Abstract

Pregnancy predisposes women to a wide array of obstetric and gynecological complications which are often complex, challenging and sometimes life-threatening. While some of these are unique to pregnancy, a few that occur in nonpregnant women are more common during pregnancy. Imaging plays a crucial role in the diagnosis and management of pregnancy-related obstetric and gynecologic complications. Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging confer the least risk to the fetus and should be the preferred examinations for evaluating these complications. Multidetector computed tomography should be used after carefully weighing the risk-benefit ratio based on the clinical condition in question. Interventional radiology is emerging as a preferred, noninvasive or minimally invasive treatment option that can obviate surgery and its antecedent short term and long term complications. Knowledge of appropriateness of imaging and image guided intervention is necessary for accurate patient management.

Keywords: MDCT; MR imaging; Obstetric emergency; Placental abruption; Postpartum complications; Uterine rupture.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Genitalia, Female / diagnostic imaging
  • Genitalia, Female / pathology
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Obstetric Labor Complications / diagnosis
  • Postpartum Hemorrhage / diagnosis
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications / diagnosis*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*
  • Ultrasonography / methods*