Tissue specificity in the nuclear envelope supports its functional complexity

Nucleus. Nov-Dec 2013;4(6):460-77. doi: 10.4161/nucl.26872. Epub 2013 Nov 8.

Abstract

Nuclear envelope links to inherited disease gave the conundrum of how mutations in near-ubiquitous proteins can yield many distinct pathologies, each focused in different tissues. One conundrum-resolving hypothesis is that tissue-specific partner proteins mediate these pathologies. Such partner proteins may have now been identified with recent proteome studies determining nuclear envelope composition in different tissues. These studies revealed that the majority of the total nuclear envelope proteins are tissue restricted in their expression. Moreover, functions have been found for a number these tissue-restricted nuclear envelope proteins that fit with mechanisms proposed to explain how the nuclear envelope could mediate disease, including defects in mechanical stability, cell cycle regulation, signaling, genome organization, gene expression, nucleocytoplasmic transport, and differentiation. The wide range of functions to which these proteins contribute is consistent with not only their involvement in tissue-specific nuclear envelope disease pathologies, but also tissue evolution.

Keywords: NET; NPC; cell cycle regulation; cytoskeleton; laminopathy; nuclear envelopathy; nuclear envelope; spatial genome organization; tissue specific.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Active Transport, Cell Nucleus
  • Animals
  • Cell Cycle / physiology
  • Cell Differentiation / physiology
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism*
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism
  • Models, Animal
  • Nuclear Envelope / chemistry*
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • Organ Specificity / physiology*
  • Proteome / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction

Substances

  • Membrane Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Proteome