Youth resistance training: past practices, new perspectives, and future directions

Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2013 Nov;25(4):591-604. doi: 10.1123/pes.25.4.591.


Since the publication of the seminal review on youth resistance training by Kraemer and colleagues in 1989, a compelling body of evidence has found that resistance training can be a safe, effective, and worthwhile method of conditioning for children and adolescents. New perspectives for promoting resistance exercise as part of a long-term approach to youth physical development highlight the importance of integrating resistance training into youth fitness programs. Youth who do not enhance their muscular strength and motor skill proficiency early in life may not develop the prerequisite skills and abilities that would allow them to participate in a variety of activities and sports with confidence and vigor later in life. The identification of asymptomatic children with muscular weaknesses or imbalances may facilitate the development of a management plan which should rectify movement limitations and educate children and their families about the importance of daily physical activity.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child Development
  • Health Promotion
  • Humans
  • Motor Skills
  • Physical Education and Training / methods
  • Physical Education and Training / trends*
  • Physical Fitness
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Resistance Training / methods
  • Resistance Training / trends*