Background: Recently, a newly developed fast-kV switching dual energy CT scanner with a gemstone detector generates virtual high keV images as monochromatic imaging (MI). Each MI can be reconstructed by metal artifact reduction software (MARS) to reduce metal artifact.
Purpose: To evaluate the degree of metal artifacts reduction and vessel visualization around the platinum coils using dual energy CT with MARS.
Material and methods: Dual energy CT was performed using a Discovery CT750 HD scanner (GE Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI, USA). In a phantom study, we measured the mean standard deviation within regions of interest around a 10-mm-diameter platinum coil mass on MI with and without MARS. Thirteen patients who underwent CTA after endovascular embolization for cerebral aneurysm with platinum coils were included in a clinical study. We visually assessed the arteries around the platinum coil mass on MI with and without MARS.
Results: Each standard deviation near the coil mass on MI with MARS was significantly lower than that without MARS in a phantom study. On CTA of a clinical study, better visibility of neighboring arteries was obtained in 11 of 13 patients on MI with MARS compared to without MARS due to metal artifact reduction.
Conclusion: Dual energy CT with MARS reduces metal artifact of platinum coils, resulting in favorable vessel visualization around the coil mass on CTA after embolization.
Keywords: CNS; CT angiography; aneurysms; metal artifact.
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