Validation of a conical cuff on the forearm for estimating radial artery blood pressure

Blood Press Monit. 2014 Feb;19(1):38-45. doi: 10.1097/MBP.0000000000000011.


Introduction: There has been a growing need for and interest in measuring noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) in obese patients. In many situations, available rectangular upper arm blood pressure cuffs do not fit properly, closing in a crisscross manner or overlapping the elbow. To address this issue, GE Healthcare has designed a conically shaped cuff for use on the forearm to estimate radial arterial blood pressure. This study evaluated using this forearm cuff with an oscillometric NIBP algorithm compared with an invasive radial arterial blood pressure reference.

Patients and methods: Thirty-four patients were enrolled in the study with an aim to acquire a minimum of 150 paired measurements. Blood pressure was measured and recorded invasively from the radial artery of each patient, while noninvasive oscillometric measurements were acquired from the same limb using a conically shaped cuff placed on the patient's forearm.

Analysis: NIBP values were compared with the invasive blood pressure values acquired in the combined 30-s period preceding cuff inflation and the 30-s period following cuff deflation. The acceptance criteria for measurement accuracy were defined in accordance with the ANSI/AAMI/ISO 81060-2:2009 standard, which requires an absolute average error of 5 mmHg or less, with an SD of 8 mmHg or less.

Results: The systolic mean error (-0.82 mmHg) and SD (6.08 mmHg) and the diastolic mean error (1.53 mmHg) and SD (3.83 mmHg) were within the 81060-2 acceptance criteria.

Conclusion: The statistical results show that oscillometric NIBP measurements taken with the conically shaped cuff placed on the forearm give an accurate estimation of radial arterial blood pressure.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Pressure
  • Blood Pressure Determination / instrumentation*
  • Equipment Design
  • Female
  • Forearm / anatomy & histology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oscillometry / instrumentation
  • Radial Artery / physiology*