Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is associated with B-cell disorders, including mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC) and B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL). We hypothesized that combination of serum biomarkers could be used to identify B-NHL in HCV patients.
Methods: We measured in 155 HCV infected patients, with and without MC and/or B-NHL, serum levels of eight markers previously described to be increased in patients with B-NHL, i.e. sCD22, sCD27, sIL-2Rα, sCD137, free-light chains of Ig (ratio κ/λ), heavy chains of Ig (ratio IgMκ/IgMλ), gammaglobulins and C4. We used a multiparametric analysis to determine a signature that identifies patients with overt B-NHL.
Results: Serum levels were significantly different between patients without MC, patients with asymptomatic MC, patients with MC vasculitis and those with MC vasculitis and B-NHL for all biomarkers except for sCD137. Using multiparametric analysis, we identified a signature involving sCD27, sIL-2Rα, gammaglobulins and C4 levels associated with the presence of overt B-NHL in HCV-infected patients. This signature had a sensitivity of 100%, a specificity of 90%, and positive and negative predictive values of 97 and 100%, respectively for discriminating patients with overt B-NHL and those without B-NHL.
Conclusion: Our data indicate that serum biomarker signature allows identifying HCV-infected patients presenting with overt B-NHL.
Keywords: B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma; Biomarkers; Hepatitis C virus; Mixed cryoglobulinemia; Soluble IL-2Rα.
Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier B.V.