Ultrastructural analysis of endocytosis of cationized ferritin (CF) has been combined with ultrastructural localization of acid phosphatases (AcPase) in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) protoplasts. While CF is an electron-dense marker of organelles of the endocytic pathway, ultrastructural histochemistry of AcPase identifies the organelles involved in the synthesis, transport, and storage of lytic-compartment enzymes, i.e. the lysosomal pathway. Acid phosphatases have been localized using both lead- and cerium-precipitation techniques. Protoplasts have been exposed to CF for 5 min, 30 min, or 3 h and processed for AcPase localization. At 5 min, smooth vesicles contain both CF and AcPase. By 30 min, Golgi cisternae and multivesicular bodies contain both labels. By 3 h, vacuoles become labelled with both CF and AcPase. The large central vacuoles contain intraluminal membranes which are associated with both AcPase and CF. These observations extend the analogy between plant vacuoles and animal lysosomes and demonstrate the points at which the endocytic pathway of plants converges with the lysosomal pathway.