Immunocytochemical localization of cytokinins in Craigella tomato and a sideshootless mutant

Planta. 1988 Sep;175(3):291-304. doi: 10.1007/BF00396334.


Post-embedding immunocytochemical techniques using peroxidase-antiperoxidase or immunoglobulin G-gold as markers were used for the localization of cytokinins (CKs) in two isogenic lines, Craigella (C) and Craigella lateral suppressor (Cls), of tomato Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. Terminal buds, nodes, hypocotyl segments and root tips were submitted to a periodate-borohydride procedure, to obtain the coupling of isopentenyladeosine and zeatin riboside to cellular proteins, followed by a fixative step with a paraformaldehyde and glutaraldehyde mixture. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay tests performed on ovalbumin-coated microtitration plates have shown that this method was effective for CK riboside and base coupling to proteins. Paraffin-wax- or Spurr's-resin-embedded sections were cleared of wax or resin before incubation with anti-zeatin riboside or anti-isopentenyladenosine antibodies. The procedure was thoroughly investigated and many controls were done in order to eliminate artefacts. The immunostaining patterns observed along the plants showed a basipetally decreasing gradient of CKs along the stem and in the roots. Immunolabelling was higher in the actively growing regions of the stem bud and root apices. Terminal buds of Cls appeared to be less immunoreactive than C, whereas no differences were detected in root-tip immunolabelling. The staining patterns are consistent with the idea that root and bud apices have a different CK metabolism. The absence of axillary bud formation in Cls is correlated with low CK levels in the organogensis sites.