The prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis in red foxes in Poland--current results (2009-2013)

Parasitol Res. 2014 Jan;113(1):317-22. doi: 10.1007/s00436-013-3657-z. Epub 2013 Nov 13.


The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Poland. Overall, 1,546 intestinal samples from 15 of the 16 provinces in Poland were examined by the sedimentation and counting technique (SCT). The mean prevalence of E. multilocularis in Poland was 16.5% and was found in 14 of the 15 examined provinces. The mean intensity of infection was 2,807 tapeworms per intestine. Distinct differences in prevalence were observed between regions. In some provinces of eastern and southern Poland, the level of prevalence was 50.0% (Warmińsko-Mazurskie), 47.2% (Podkarpackie), 30.4% (Podlaskie) and 28.6% (Małopolskie), while in other provinces (west and south-west), only a few percent was found: 2.0% (Dolnośląskie), 2.5% (Wielkopolskie) and 0.0% (in Opolskie). The border between areas with higher and lower prevalence seems to coincide with a north-south line running through the middle of Poland, with prevalence from 17.5 to 50.0% in the eastern half and from 0.0 to 11.8% in the western half. The dynamic situation observed in the prevalence of this tapeworm indicated the necessity of continuing to monitor the situation concerning E. multilocularis in red foxes in Poland.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Echinococcosis / epidemiology
  • Echinococcosis / veterinary*
  • Echinococcus multilocularis / isolation & purification*
  • Foxes / parasitology*
  • Intestines / parasitology
  • Poland / epidemiology
  • Prevalence