Mycoplasma pneumoniae associated stroke in a 3-year-old girl

Korean J Pediatr. 2013 Sep;56(9):411-5. doi: 10.3345/kjp.2013.56.9.411. Epub 2013 Sep 30.


Infectious diseases precede a significant proportion of acute ischemic strokes in children. Here, we report a case of acute ischemic stroke in a 3-year-old girl with a Mycoplasma pneumonia-associated respiratory tract infection. She developed an acquired prothrombotic state of protein S deficiency and had increased fibrinogen and fibrinogen degradation product levels and increased titer of antinuclear antibodies. However, these conditions were completely alleviated at the 1-month follow-up examination. Infection with M. pneumoniae may cause a transient prothrombotic state that can potentially cause a thrombus.

Keywords: Child; Mycoplasma pneumoniae; Stroke.