To investigate the use of RFLP analysis in the Triticeae, a set of low copy number probes has been isolated from a wheat cDNA library. The probes identify each of the 14 homoeologous chromosome arms of wheat as determined by analysis of DNA fragments hybridizing to the probes in aneuploid lines of Chinese Spring. These probes can be used in RFLP analyses both for the assignment of homoeology of alien chromosomes or arms added to wheat, and for the determination of chromosome dosage in wheat aneuploids. Different chromosomes from various Triticeae species can therefore be followed in a wheat genetic background using a single technique. The potential uses of the set in facilitating the transfer of alien segments into wheat are outlined.