Efficacy and safety of laquinimod in multiple sclerosis: current status

Ther Adv Neurol Disord. 2013 Nov;6(6):343-52. doi: 10.1177/1756285613499424.


Laquinimod is a novel immunomodulatory agent, in development as a potential disease-modifying treatment for multiple sclerosis (MS). Structurally related to linomide, its pharmacological predecessor, laquinimod combines anti-inflammatory and possibly clinically relevant neuroprotective effects with the convenience of oral administration. In this review we aim to highlight the immunomodulatory and neuroprotective effects of laquinimod, and to describe its effects in animal models of MS. Furthermore, we focus on current results of clinical studies in MS. Randomized, controlled clinical trials in relapsing MS demonstrate a dose-response effect on disease activity, measured by reduced clinical relapse rate, reduced number of brain MRI active lesions, as well as on sustained disability and brain atrophy. Laquinimod has a favourable tolerability and safety profile. A new phase III study, recently completed, will soon provide further details on the therapeutic potential of this drug. Laquinimod is a promising emerging treatment for relapsing-remitting MS that may provide a new therapeutic option in the near future.

Keywords: laquinimod; multiple sclerosis; oral medication.