Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Review
, 21 (4), 267-283

Long-Term Memory Performance in Adult ADHD

Affiliations
Review

Long-Term Memory Performance in Adult ADHD

Timo Skodzik et al. J Atten Disord.

Abstract

Objective: Memory problems are a frequently reported symptom in adult ADHD, and it is well-documented that adults with ADHD perform poorly on long-term memory tests. However, the cause of this effect is still controversial. The present meta-analysis examined underlying mechanisms that may lead to long-term memory impairments in adult ADHD.

Method: We performed separate meta-analyses of measures of memory acquisition and long-term memory using both verbal and visual memory tests. In addition, the influence of potential moderator variables was examined.

Results: Adults with ADHD performed significantly worse than controls on verbal but not on visual long-term memory and memory acquisition subtests. The long-term memory deficit was strongly statistically related to the memory acquisition deficit. In contrast, no retrieval problems were observable.

Conclusion: Our results suggest that memory deficits in adult ADHD reflect a learning deficit induced at the stage of encoding. Implications for clinical and research settings are presented.

Keywords: adult ADHD; memory; meta-analysis.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 7 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

MeSH terms

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback