The ventricular system of the brain: a comprehensive review of its history, anatomy, histology, embryology, and surgical considerations

Childs Nerv Syst. 2014 Jan;30(1):19-35. doi: 10.1007/s00381-013-2321-3. Epub 2013 Nov 16.


Introduction: The cerebral ventricles have been recognized since ancient medical history. Their true function started to be realized more than a thousand years later. Their anatomy and function are extremely important in the neurosurgical panorama.

Methods: The literature was searched for articles and textbooks of different topics related to the history, anatomy, physiology, histology, embryology and surgical considerations of the brain ventricles.

Conclusion: Herein, we summarize the literature about the cerebral ventricular system.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain / embryology
  • Brain / pathology
  • Brain / surgery
  • Cerebral Ventricles / embryology*
  • Cerebral Ventricles / pathology
  • Cerebral Ventricles / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt / methods