Registry of people with diabetes in three Latin American countries: a suitable approach to evaluate the quality of health care provided to people with type 2 diabetes

Int J Clin Pract. 2013 Dec;67(12):1261-6. doi: 10.1111/ijcp.12208.


Aims: To implement a patient registry and collect data related to the care provided to people with type 2 diabetes in six specialized centers of three Latin American countries, measure the quality of such care using a standardized form (QUALIDIAB) that collects information on different quality of care indicators, and analyze the potential of collecting this information for improving quality of care and conducting clinical research.

Methods: We collected data on clinical, metabolic and therapeutic indicators, micro- and macrovascular complications, rate of use of diagnostic and therapeutic elements and hospitalization of patients with type 2 diabetes in six diabetes centers, four in Argentina and one each in Colombia and Peru.

Results: We analyzed 1157 records from patients with type 2 diabetes (Argentina, 668; Colombia, 220; Peru, 269); 39 records were discarded because of data entry errors or inconsistencies. The data demonstrated frequency performance deficiencies in several procedures, including foot and ocular fundus examination and various cardiovascular screening tests. In contrast, HbA1c and cardiovascular risk factor assessments were performed with a greater frequency than recommended by international guidelines. Management of insulin therapy was sub-optimal, and deficiencies were also noted among diabetes education indicators.

Conclusions: Patient registry was successfully implemented in these clinics following an interactive educational program. The data obtained provide useful information as to deficiencies in care and may be used to guide quality of care improvement efforts.

MeSH terms

  • Argentina
  • Chronic Disease
  • Clinical Laboratory Techniques / statistics & numerical data
  • Colombia
  • Delivery of Health Care / standards*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / therapy*
  • Dyslipidemias / prevention & control
  • Female
  • Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Hyperglycemia / prevention & control
  • Hypertension / prevention & control
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Peru
  • Quality of Health Care*
  • Registries