Abfraction: A review

J Oral Maxillofac Pathol. 2013 May;17(2):222-7. doi: 10.4103/0973-029X.119788.


Abfraction (AF) is the pathological loss of tooth substance caused by biomechanical loading forces that result in flexure and failure of enamel and dentin at a location away from the loading. The theory of AF is based primarily on engineering analyses that demonstrate theoretical stress concentration at the cervical areas of the teeth. However, the theory is not yet proven and there are explanations against it. AF lesions present primarily at the cervical region of the dentition and are typically wedge-shaped, with sharp internal and external line angles. Diagnosis of AF plays a very important role in the management of patients. The aim of the present narrative review is to comprehensively discuss the historical, etiopathogenetic, clinical, and diagnostic and treatment aspects of AF.

Keywords: Abfraction; non-carious cervical lesion; pathogenesis; regressive alteration of teeth.

Publication types

  • Review