Asparagine 42 of the conserved endo-inulinase INU2 motif WMNDPN from Aspergillus ficuum plays a role in activity specificity

FEBS Open Bio. 2013 Nov 1:3:467-72. doi: 10.1016/j.fob.2013.10.009. eCollection 2013.


Endo-inulinase INU2 from Aspergillus ficuum belongs to glycosidase hydrolase family 32 (GH32) that degrades inulin into fructo oligosaccharides consisting mainly of inulotriose and inulotetraose. The 3D structure of INU2 was recently obtained (Pouyez et al., 2012, Biochimie, 94, 2423-2430). An enlarged cavity compared to exo-inulinase formed by the conserved motif W-M(I)-N-D(E)-P-N-G, the so-called loop 1 and the loop 4, was identified. In the present study we have characterized the importance of 12 residues situated around the enlarged cavity. These residues were mutated by site-directed mutagenesis. Comparative activity analysis was done by plate, spectrophotometric and thin-layer chromatography assay. Most of the mutants were less active than the wild-type enzyme. Most interestingly, mutant N42G differed in the size distribution of the FOS synthesized.

Keywords: Activity modification; Endo-inuinase; N42G mutant; Site directed mutagenesis.