Effects of Tai Chi on cognitive function in community-dwelling older adults: a review

Geriatr Nurs. Jan-Feb 2014;35(1):9-19. doi: 10.1016/j.gerinurse.2013.10.013. Epub 2013 Oct 24.

Abstract

As the population of the United States ages, activities to maintain or improve cognitive function will become increasingly important to preserve functional ability, independence and health-related quality of life. This article is a review of recent research on Tai Chi and cognitive function in community-dwelling older adults. Of the 12 studies reviewed, 10 reported improvement in measures of executive function, language, learning, and/or memory. Several design features make comparisons across studies challenging. As a moderate-intensity, low-impact form of exercise, Tai Chi is appropriate for older adults and seems to offer positive cognitive benefits. Recommendations for future research are provided.

Keywords: Cognitive function; Mind-body exercise; Older adults; Tai Chi.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cognition*
  • Humans
  • Learning
  • Memory
  • Tai Ji*
  • United States