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. 1985 Aug;70(5):505-9.
doi: 10.1007/BF00305983.

The Effect of Parental Genotype on Initiation of Embryogenic Callus From Elite Maize (Zea Mays L.) Germplasm

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The Effect of Parental Genotype on Initiation of Embryogenic Callus From Elite Maize (Zea Mays L.) Germplasm

D T Tomes et al. Theor Appl Genet. .

Abstract

Embryogenic callus consisting of both Type 1, firm, compact, translucent, relatively slow growing callus and Type 2, highly friable, rapidly growing callus with well-formed somatic embryos, were observed in elite maize germplasm, notably B73 and hybrids with B73. Parental genotype is very important in the ability to identify and isolate embryogenic callus after 14 and 28 days in culture. A partial diallel analysis revealed that a large proportion of the genotypic variation was of the additive type although heterosis did positively increase culture response in most cases. A significant negative maternal effect for culture response was noted for inbred B73 from Reid-type germplasm while four lines sampled from Lancaster germplasm showed similar response whether used as male or female. Although significant media differences were observed in some genotypes, culture media did not preclude observation of Type 1 or Type 2 embryogenic cultures in this study after 14 and 28 days. Plants could be regenerated from all genotypes in this study after 14-days of culture, but not all genotypes were capable of sustained subculture and plant regeneration. Plant regeneration from Type 2 cultures of B73 and B73 hybrids has been obtained up to a year after initiation.

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