Ferredoxin-glutamate synthase (EC 188.8.131.52) from Chlamydomonas reinhardii has been purified to electrophoretic homogeneity, with a specific activity of 10.4 units mg(-1) protein, by a method which included chromatography on diethylaminoethyl sephacel and hydroxylapatite, and ferredoxin-sepharose affinity treatment. The enzyme is a single polypeptide chain of M r 146000 dalton which shows an absorption spectrum with maxima at 278, 377 and 437 nm, and an A276/A437 absorptivity ratio of 7.0. The anaerobic addition of dithionite results in the loss of the absorption peak at 437 nm, which is restored upon reoxidation of the enzyme with an excess of 2-oxoglutarate, alone or in the presence of glutamine. This indicates the presence in the enzyme of a flavin prosthetic group, which is functional during the catalysis. The ferredoxin-glutamate synthase can be assayed with methyl viologen, chemically reduced with dithionite, but it is unable to use reduced pyridine nucleotide. Azaserine, 6-diazo-5-oxo-norleucine, bromocresol green and p-hydroxymercuribenzoate are potent inhibitors of this activity, which, on the other hand, is stable upon heating at 45°C for 10 min.