Evaluation of spheno-occipital synchondrosis: A review of literature and considerations from forensic anthropologic point of view

J Forensic Dent Sci. 2013 Jul;5(2):72-6. doi: 10.4103/0975-1475.119764.


Cranial sutures and synchondrosis have long been studied by forensic scientists, human anatomists, and anthropologists for estimation of age in different population groups. Observation of the closure of spheno-occipital synchondrosis has an important role to play in the estimation of age in the examination of unknown human remains when a skull is brought for examination. The present article reviews the studies conducted on the closure of spheno-occipital synchondrosis and presents a few valuable considerations that would be essential for carrying out research related to closure of spheno-occipital synchondrosis in humans.

Keywords: Age estimation; forensic anthropology; human remains; medicolegal examinations; spheno-occipital synchondrosis.

Publication types

  • Review