Stent-assisted coil embolization for cavernous carotid artery aneurysms

Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2014;54(2):126-32. doi: 10.2176/nmc.oa2013-0013. Epub 2013 Nov 20.


Internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion with or without a bypass surgery is the traditional treatment for cavernous sinus (CS) aneurysms with cranial nerve (CN) dysfunction. Coil embolization without stents frequently requires retreatment because of the large size of CS aneurysms. We report the mid-term results of six unruptured CS aneurysms treated with stent-assisted coil embolization (SACE). The mean age of the patients was 72 years. The mean size of the aneurysms was 19.8 mm (range: 13-26 mm). Before treatment, four patients presented with CN dysfunction and two patients had no symptoms. SACE was performed under local or general anesthesia in three patients each. Mean packing density was 29.1% and tight packing was achieved. There were no neurological complications. CN dysfunction was cured in three patients (75%) and partly resolved in one patient (25%). Transient new CN dysfunction was observed in two patients (33%). Clinical and imaging follow-up ranged from 6 to 26 months (median: 16 months). Recanalization was observed in three patients (50%; neck remnant in two patients and dome filling in one patient), but no retreatment has yet been required. No recurrence of CN dysfunction has occurred yet. In summary, SACE increases packing density and may reduce requirement of retreatment with an acceptable cure rate of CN dysfunction. SACE may be a superior treatment for coiling without stents and be an alternative treatment of ICA occlusion for selected patients, such as older patients and those who require a high-flow bypass surgery or cannot receive general anesthesia.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Balloon Occlusion
  • Carotid Artery, Internal*
  • Cavernous Sinus*
  • Cerebral Angiography
  • Cranial Nerve Diseases / etiology
  • Embolization, Therapeutic / instrumentation
  • Embolization, Therapeutic / methods*
  • Endovascular Procedures / instrumentation
  • Endovascular Procedures / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / complications
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / therapy*
  • Intracranial Thrombosis / etiology
  • Intracranial Thrombosis / therapy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nerve Compression Syndromes / etiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Stents*