Conceptual framework and research methods for migration and HIV transmission dynamics

AIDS Behav. 2014 Dec;18(12):2302-13. doi: 10.1007/s10461-013-0665-z.


Migration and mobility have had a profound influence on the global HIV epidemic. We propose a network-dyadic conceptual model to interpret previous literature and inform the development of future research with respect to study design, measurement methods, and analytic approach. In this model, HIV transmission is driven by risk behaviors of migrants that emerges and is enabled by mobility, the bridging of sub-epidemics across space and time, and the displacement effects on the primary residential sending community for migrants. To investigate these causal pathways, empirical study designs must measure the relative timing of migratory events, sexual risk behaviors, and incident HIV infections. Network-based mathematical models using empirical data on partnerships help gain insight into the dynamic disease transmission systems. Although the network-dyadic conceptual model and related network methods may not address all questions related to migration and HIV, they provide a unified approach for future research on this important topic.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Disease Outbreaks* / prevention & control
  • Global Health*
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control
  • HIV Infections / transmission*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Research Design
  • Risk-Taking
  • Sexual Behavior / statistics & numerical data*
  • Transients and Migrants* / statistics & numerical data