Bronchoscopic cryotherapy for airway strictures caused by tumors

Chest. 1986 Aug;90(2):159-64. doi: 10.1378/chest.90.2.159.


This study reports an application of cryosurgery for the treatment of tracheobronchial tumors. Bronchoscopic cryotherapy can be applied in patients who are not candidates for other traditional therapy. The technique utilizes a nitrous oxide cryoprobe, introduced through a rigid bronchoscope. The principal feature of this probe is to be nonrigid. The cryodestruction is controlled by an impedance metric method. The study group consisted of 27 patients ranging in age from 39 to 88 years. The most frequent diagnosis was squamous cell carcinoma (14). For malignant tumors, the objective was obtained in 13 cases out of 21. Cryotherapy successfully destroyed five benign granulomas. Four or six days after cryotherapy, bronchial biopsy specimens usually showed a necrotic substance, and tumoral tissues were entirely destroyed. The time of survival is probably extended and the quality of life bettered. Most visible tumors are now reached with a flexible cryoprobe, inserted in a flexible bronchoscope.

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / complications*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Bronchial Neoplasms / complications*
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / complications*
  • Cryosurgery*
  • Female
  • Granuloma / surgery
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Palliative Care
  • Tracheal Diseases / surgery
  • Tracheal Neoplasms / complications*
  • Tracheal Stenosis / etiology
  • Tracheal Stenosis / surgery*