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, 5 (4), 277-87
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Karyological Studies in Ten Species of Citrus(Linnaeus, 1753) (Rutaceae) of North-East India

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Karyological Studies in Ten Species of Citrus(Linnaeus, 1753) (Rutaceae) of North-East India

Marlykynti Hynniewta et al. Comp Cytogenet.

Abstract

Ten Citrus (Linnaeus, 1753) species of North-East India have been karyo-morphologically analysed. All studied species had 2n=18 chromosomes without any evidence of numerical variation. All the chromosomes were found to be of metacentric and sub-metacentric in all the species; the morphology of the chromosomes showing size difference only. Symmetrical karyotype which does not have much difference in the ratio of longest to shortest chromosome in all the species was observed. Three species, Citrus grandis (Osbeck, 1757), Citrus reticulata (Blanco, 1837) and Citrus medica (Linnaeus, 1753) are identified as true basic species from asymmetry studies of karyotypes as they reflect on the primitive nature of their genomes. Citrus indica (Tanaka, 1937)occupies a special taxonomic position within the genus Citrus as a progenitor for other cultivated species.

Keywords: Citrus; asymmetry index; genetic variability; karyotype.

Figures

Figure 1.
Figure 1.
Mitotic complements of 10 Citrus species (2n=2x=18). a Citrus macroptera, b Citrusgrandis, c Citrus medica, d Citrus reticulata, e Citrus sinensis, f Citrus jambhiri, g Citrus latipes, h Citrus indica, i Citrus limon, j Citrus limetta. Bar = 5µm.
Figure 2.
Figure 2.
Karyograms of 10 Citrus species. a Citrus macroptera, b Citrus grandis, c Citrus medica, d Citrus reticulata, e Citrus sinensis, f Citrus jambhiri, g Citrus latipes, h Citrus indica, i Citrus limon, j Citrus limetta. Bar represent heteromorphic pairs.

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