Congenital variants and anomalies of the pancreas and pancreatic duct: imaging by magnetic resonance cholangiopancreaticography and multidetector computed tomography

Korean J Radiol. Nov-Dec 2013;14(6):905-13. doi: 10.3348/kjr.2013.14.6.905. Epub 2013 Nov 5.

Abstract

Though congenital anomalies of the pancreas and pancreatic duct are relatively uncommon and they are often discovered as an incidental finding in asymptomatic patients, some of these anomalies may lead to various clinical symptoms such as recurrent abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. Recognition of these anomalies is important because these anomalies may be a surgically correctable cause of recurrent pancreatitis or the cause of gastric outlet obstruction. An awareness of these anomalies may help in surgical planning and prevent inadvertent ductal injury. The purpose of this article is to review normal pancreatic embryology, the appearance of ductal anatomic variants and developmental anomalies of the pancreas, with emphasis on magnetic resonance cholangiopancreaticography and multidetector computed tomography.

Keywords: Accessory pancreatic lobe; Annular pancreas; Congenital; Pancreas; Pancreas divisum.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance / methods*
  • Humans
  • Multidetector Computed Tomography / methods*
  • Pancreas / abnormalities
  • Pancreatic Diseases / congenital
  • Pancreatic Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Pancreatic Diseases / pathology
  • Pancreatic Ducts / abnormalities*