Prevalence and composition of marine debris in Brown Booby (Sula leucogaster) nests at Ashmore Reef

Mar Pollut Bull. 2013 Dec 15;77(1-2):320-4. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.09.026. Epub 2013 Oct 23.


Anthropogenic debris is ubiquitous in the marine environment and has been reported to negatively impact hundreds of species globally. Seabirds are particularly at risk from entanglement in debris due to their habit of collecting food and, in many cases, nesting material off the ocean's surface. We compared the prevalence and composition of debris in nests and along the beach at two Brown Booby (Sula leucogaster) colonies on Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, a remote area known to contain high densities of debris transported by ocean currents. The proportion of nests with debris varied across islands (range 3-31%), likely in response to the availability of natural nesting materials. Boobies exhibited a preference for debris colour (white and black), but not type. The ephemeral nature of Brown Booby nests on Ashmore Reef may limit their utility as indicators of marine pollution, however monitoring is recommended in light of increasing demand for plastic products.

Keywords: Brown Booby; Marine debris; Nesting ecology; Plastic pollution; Sula leucogaster; Timor Sea.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Birds
  • Coral Reefs*
  • Environmental Monitoring*
  • Environmental Pollutants / analysis*
  • Environmental Pollution / statistics & numerical data
  • Indonesia
  • Nesting Behavior
  • Plastics / analysis*
  • Waste Products / analysis*


  • Environmental Pollutants
  • Plastics
  • Waste Products