Genetic Control of the Conversion of Dihydroflavonols Into Flavonols and Anthocyanins in Flowers of Petunia Hybrida

Planta. 1982 Aug;155(4):364-8. doi: 10.1007/BF00429466.

Abstract

Petunia hybrida mutants, homozygous recessive for one of the genes An1, An2, An6, or An9 do not show anthocyanin synthesis in in vitro complementation experiments per se (see also Kho et al. 1977). Extracts of flowers of these mutants all provoke anthocyanin synthesis in isolated petals of an an3an3 mutant. Mutants homozygous recessive for one of the genes An1, An2, An6, or An9 and homozygous recessive for F1 accumulate dihydroflavonols in comparable amounts. The synthesis of dihydromyricetin is blocked in an1an1 mutants, which indicates a regulating effect of the gene An1 on the gene Hfl. Similar mutants, but dominant for F1, accumulate flavonols (kaempferol and quercetin) instead of dihydroflavonols. Myricetin is accumulated in minor amounts and not at all in an1an1 mutant. Furthermore, the synthesis of this flavonol is not controlled by the gene F1. The synthesis of cyanidin (derivatives) is greatly reduced when flavonols are synthesized (F1 dominant). In mutants dominant for Ht1 and Hf1 and thus able to synthesize cyanidin (derivatives) and delphinidin (derivatives), predominantly delphinidin (derivatives) are synthesized. The results indicate that kaempferol (derivatives), quercetin (derivatives), and delphinidin (derivatives) are the main endproducts of flavonoid biosynthesis in Petunia hybrida.