Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in expression of soluble biomarkers tumor factor growth-β1 (TGF-β1), CCL5/RANTES, and sFas/Apo-1 in the urine of patients undergoing ureteropyeloplasty for ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction. These factors are connected with different processes ongoing in the obstructive uropathy. If their urine concentrations correlate with AP diameter of the renal pelvis and differential function of the affected kidney, they can be helpful in making a decision on corrective surgery.
Material and methods: Creatinine, TGF-β1, CCL5/RANTES, and sFas/Apo-1 levels were measured in the urine from the bladder and renal pelvis of 45 patients undergoing ureteropyeloplasty and from bladders of 25 patients undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy.
Results: LEVELS OF EXAMINED BIOMARKERS WERE HIGHER IN THE RENAL PELVIS AND BLADDER OF CHILDREN WITH UPJ OBSTRUCTION AS COMPARED TO CONTROLS: TGF-β1 in older children and adolescents (p < 0.05), CCL5/RANTES in the youngest and older children (p < 0.05), and sFas/Apo-1 in all patients (p < 0.05). Twelve months after surgery their levels in the bladder decreased: TGF-β1 in younger and older children (p < 0.05), CCL5/RANTES in the youngest patients and adolescents (p < 0.05), and sFas/Apo-1 in the youngest and older children (p < 0.05). A significant decrease in the AP diameter of the renal pelvis post-operatively (32.09 mm vs. 18.72 mm) (p < 0.01) and significant improvement in renal function (36.94% vs. 42.76%) (p < 0.05) were observed in the examined group.
Conclusions: Mean TGF-β1, CCL5/RANTES, and sFas/Apo-1 urine levels are significantly increased in patients with UPJ and decreased 1 year after ureteropyeloplasty. Bladder concentrations of examined factors may be clinically useful markers of obstruction.
Keywords: biomarkers; obstructive uropathy; renal ultrasonography; renoscintigraphy.