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Review
, 32 (1), 245-65

Ionizing Radiation Injuries and Illnesses

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Review

Ionizing Radiation Injuries and Illnesses

Doran M Christensen et al. Emerg Med Clin North Am.

Abstract

Although the spectrum of information related to diagnosis and management of radiation injuries and illnesses is vast and as radiation contamination incidents are rare, most emergency practitioners have had little to no practical experience with such cases. Exposures to ionizing radiation and internal contamination with radioactive materials can cause significant tissue damage and conditions. Emergency practitioners unaware of ionizing radiation as the cause of a condition may miss the diagnosis of radiation-induced injury or illness. This article reviews the pertinent terms, physics, radiobiology, and medical management of radiation injuries and illnesses that may confront the emergency practitioner.

Keywords: Acute local radiation injury; Acute radiation syndrome; Cutaneous radiation syndrome; Cutaneous syndrome; Hematopoietic syndrome; Nuclear; Radiological.

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