The Golgi apparatus in developing endosperm of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Planta. 1982 May;154(3):277-83. doi: 10.1007/BF00387875.


The ultrastructure and distribution of the Golgi apparatus in developing wheat endosperm was investigated using a zinc iodide-osmium tetroxide staining complex in conjunction with low and high voltage electron microscopy. Dictyosomes were numerous in starchy endosperm and aleurone at 15 days after anthesis, and during the period of rapid storage protein deposition 25 d after anthesis. Fewer dictyosomes were seen in maturing endosperm. Two types of vesicles were associated with the dictyosomes; small, heavily-stained vesicles were sited at the ends of fine tubules which extend from the cisternae, and larger less-stained vesicles were associated with the periphery of the cisternae. Stereo-pairs of micrographs up to 1 μm thick were taken to demonstrate the interconnections between cisternal and tubular endoplasmic reticulum. Elements of tubular ER were closely associated with dictyosomes, but connections were not observed. These results are discussed in relation to the transport of endosperm storage proteins from their site of synthesis on the cisternal ER to their site of storage, the protein bodies.