Anti-glycolipid antibodies and their immune complexes in multiple sclerosis

J Neurol Sci. 1986 Aug;75(1):33-42. doi: 10.1016/0022-510x(86)90048-1.

Abstract

Antibody titers against myelin constituents in sera and CSF of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) were examined by a solid-phase radioimmunoassay. Anti-GM4 and anti-galactocerebroside antibody titers were significantly elevated in the CSF of MS patients, but not anti-GM1 and anti-myelin basic protein antibodies. In sera of MS patients, the titers of antibodies against these myelin constituents were not elevated. Total IgG level was also significantly elevated in the CSF, but not in the sera of MS patients. Immune complexes from the CSF of MS patients were dissociated by acid-ultrafiltration and assayed for antibodies to GM4, GM1, and galactocerebroside. Anti-GM4 and antigalactocerebroside antibody titers were significantly enhanced after acid dissociation and ultrafiltration. These data suggest that antibodies of the IgG class against GM4 and galactocerebroside are present in CSF of MS patients, and a significant number of them exist as immune complexes with their corresponding glycolipid antigens.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Antibody Specificity
  • Autoantibodies / cerebrospinal fluid*
  • Brain / immunology
  • G(M1) Ganglioside / immunology
  • Galactosylceramides / immunology
  • Gangliosides / immunology
  • Glycolipids / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Immune Complex Diseases / immunology*
  • Immunoglobulin G / cerebrospinal fluid
  • Multiple Sclerosis / immunology*
  • Myelin Basic Protein / immunology
  • Myelin Proteins / immunology
  • Myelin Sheath / immunology
  • Radioimmunoassay

Substances

  • Autoantibodies
  • Galactosylceramides
  • Gangliosides
  • Glycolipids
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Myelin Basic Protein
  • Myelin Proteins
  • G(M1) Ganglioside
  • ganglioside, GM4