Platelet proteome and tumor dormancy: can platelets content serve as predictive biomarkers for exit of tumors from dormancy?

Cancers (Basel). 2010 May 11;2(2):842-58. doi: 10.3390/cancers2020842.


Although tumor dormancy is highly prevalent, the underling mechanisms are still mostly unknown. It is unclear which lesions will progress and become a disseminated cancer, and which will remain dormant and asymptomatic. Yet, an improved ability to predict progression would open the possibility of timely treatment and improvement in outcomes. We have recently described the ability of platelets to selectively uptake angiogenesis regulators very early in tumor growth, and proposed their use as an early marker of malignancy. In this review we will summarize current knowledge about these processes and will discuss the possibility of using platelet content to predict presence of occult tumors.