Outcome instruments for prosthetics: clinical applications

Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2014 Feb;25(1):179-98. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2013.09.002.


Outcome measurement is crucial to assuring high-quality patient services and improving the quality of services provided by prosthetists. This article summarizes recent evidence on the measurement properties of outcome measures, and updates previously published summaries of outcome instruments. The review focuses on measures of mobility, functional status, quality of life, and patient satisfaction, and includes both performance-based and patient-reported outcomes. Amputation-specific and general measures that are suitable for patients served by prosthetists are discussed. It is encouraging that responsiveness of measures is often reported, as this information is needed to improve clinical utility.

Keywords: Amputation; Artificial limbs; Assessment of patient outcomes; Outcome and process assessment (health care); Prostheses; Treatment outcome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Amputation / rehabilitation*
  • Artificial Limbs*
  • Humans
  • Lower Extremity
  • Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care / methods*
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Postural Balance
  • Quality of Life*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*
  • Upper Extremity
  • Walking